Space planning is one of the fundamentals of interior design, which starts simply with an understanding of how the space is to be used. An analysis is carried out to understand the limitations of the space, so that the space can be most appropriately designed for its use within the limitations imposed.
A space planner will create a plan that defines each zone of the space in question, as well as the activities that each zone has. Traffic circulation patterns must also be created, as this will show how people will move through the space. This is a critical step to ensure efficiency of floor space, getting the maximum value out of every square foot of space.
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Finally, the finishing touches of furniture and equipment can be placed into the plan. Furniture being a critical element to efficient space planning, as the wrong type or size of furniture will hurt the overall efficiency of the space plan. Once completed, the space plan design can be used and executed upon to turn the vision of the space into reality.